Ray Corrado · Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
Distinguishing ‘the map from the terrain’: Clarifying the psychopathy construct and its role in risk assessment
Raymond R. Corrado is a full professor in the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University and was an associate faculty member in the Psychology department and the Faculty of Health Sciences. He is a Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen and a Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall College and the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. He is a founding member of the Mental Health, Law, and Policy Institute at Simon Fraser University. Dr. Corrado also was a former co-Director of the BC Centre for Social Responsibility and former Director of the Centre for Addictions Research British Columbia, at Simon Fraser University. He has published over 100 articles and book chapters on a wide variety of policy issues, including juvenile justice, serious and violent young offenders, mental health, adolescent psychopathy, Aboriginal victimization, child/adolescent case management strategies, and terrorism.
As part of his more recent research, Dr. Corrado is the principal investigator of the ongoing Incarcerated Serious and Violent Young Offender Study. This project has become the largest and longest running study of young offenders in Canada. His research team is currently in the process of tracking these young offenders through adulthood. As part of this project, his research team is in the process of examining the construct validity and predictive validity of the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality- Institutional Rating Scale (CAPP-IRS) among a sample of approximately 250 serious and violent young offenders.
Click to hide
Abstract. This keynote address discusses why psychopathic personality disturbance (PPD) appears to be inadequately measured by existing research instruments and illustrates why measurement more towards the clinical perspective of PPD as a personality construct is beneficial, especially from a risk assessment perspective. The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is asserted to help further this movement. Particular focus will be given to the assessment of PPD among adolescents and the importance for risk assessors to move beyond the typical or predominant approach that involves the narrow focus on recidivism. Using more sophisticated analytic strategies that better model the complexity of offending over time is needed to avoid under-estimating the utility of PPD as a key covariate. In this address, the value of merging a CAPP-centered approach to PPD measurement with a criminal career approach to risk assessment is asserted. Data from the Incarcerated Serious and Violent Young Offender Study, the largest and longest-running study of adolescent offenders in Canada, is used to assess this assertion as well as the assertion that relying on recidivism to assess the ability of instruments to capture ‘risk’ is simplistic and misleading. Challenges with and strategies for the assessment adolescent PPD are discussed to help practitioners with implementing the CAPP.
Click to hide